What kinds of Alcoholic Drinks Can I Drink with Diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus diagnosis imposes constraints on a human including food products and alcohol. A human, who has just diagnosed diabetes mellitus, as a rule, pays a lot of time to get to know what products he/she may take. An alcohol consumption during diabetes mellitus is a popular topic to discuss between patients and doctors.
Nowadays doctors all over the world follow a position that alcohol is harmful during diabetes mellitus, and it is better to refuse from its consumption. However, there are recommendations of WHO for patients with diabetes who remove strict restrictions and allow to take little of beverage drinks.
We want to pay your attention that ALCOHOL IS HARMFUL FOR DIABETIC PATIENTS!!! And if you have a chance to refuse from its consumption, just do it.
Why is Alcohol Not Recommended During Diabetes Mellitus?
Alcohol is metabolized in liver. Therefore, if insulin is used, or oral drugs are taken for the diabetes treatment to stimulate the pancreatic gland for the production of more insulin, an alcohol consumption may lead to the decrease of the sugar level in the blood. The liver cannot fully work to remove alcohol from your blood and regulate the sugar level in the blood. Alcohol slows the release of the glucose supplies (formed out of glycogen in the liver cells) in the blood. As a result, a patient has hypoglycemia which may cause a heart attack and other heart diseases.
However, a danger lies in a prolong consumption of alcohol, or if a lot of alcohol is taken, and then the load on the liver grows. If you treat a choice of a beverage drink wisely, patients may consume alcohol all life long, without harming the health.
All beverage drinks may be divided into 2 categories:
- Strong drinks: a content of alcohol is 40% and more.
- Low-alcohol beverage: a content of alcohol is up to 20%.
The first category includes vodka, whisky, cognac, gin, and others. These beverage drinks do not contain sugar, however a high dose of alcohol creates a load on the liver. That is why, metabolism is affected in the liver, and a sudden change of the sugar level may happen in the blood. The permissible dose for such drinks is 50-75 ml. If more, it is crucial. Do not take these drinks more often, not more than once per week. Carbohydrates will be good food to accompany the drinks, they will make up the sugar deficit.
The low-alcohol beverage better works for patient with diabetes mellitus. Many of them contain sugar, and therefore patients should carefully follow these qualities on the label. Only dry beverage drinks may be consumed during diabetes mellitus, the amount of sugar in them is not more than 4-5%. These beverage drinks are dry wine and dry champagne.
The beverage drinks that are able to significantly increase the content of sugar in the blood are especially dangerous during diabetes mellitus: stiff wine, liqueur, beer, pudding wine, sweet champagne, fruit liqueur, low-alcohol cocktails, and others. Sugar in these drinks accelerates the uptake of alcohol, and it creates a sudden increase of the glucose level in the blood.
Due to the overcompensation, the body starts producing more insulin, and it may cause a tardy hypoglycemia. It is a condition when the sugar level drops till the crucial level during the excessive amount of insulin in several hours. That is why these drinks are very dangerous. A patient never knows when hypoglycemia appears.
If a patient is not able to refuse from alcohol, according to WHO data, the best drink will be red dry wine. It contains polyphenol that provides a positive effect during diabetes mellitus:
- The tone of the blood vessels is kept;
- A production of glucose is reduced in liver;
- A cholesterol deposition is prevented in the blood vessels.
However, a moderate alcohol consumption is allowed. The frequent consumption of red dry wine in a great amount also causes the body intoxication, and affects the metabolism.
The Correct Reception of Alcohol for Diabetics. Main Rules
- The best beverage drink for diabetic patients is red dry wine;
- The sugar content should not exceed 5% in alcohol;
- The beverage drinks may be taken only during a good compensation of diabetes mellitus;
- A diabetic patient may consume alcohol only if the sugar balance is good, and does not exceed 8 mmol/L;
- A roughly safe daily dose for patients with diabetes is 250-300 ml of wine;
- Diabetic patients are allowed consuming light ale and lager in the dose not more than 500 mg per day;
- Alcohol should be consumed either during, or after meals. Do not take alcohol before meals, on an empty stomach;
- The everyday use of the beverage drinks is prohibited. A break between the use should be at least 3 days.
Patients consuming alcohol during diabetes mellitus should beware of the delayed alcohol hypoglycemia, especially if they use insulin injections. Fast carbohydrates should be available all the time in order to make up a sugar deficit in the blood. If you had a lot of alcohol in the evening, hypoglycemia may appear at night. Therefore, before sleeping, it is necessary to indicate the sugar level in the blood and have food containing carbohydrates.
Patients with diabetes mellitus must avoid the alcohol consumption in the following cases:
- A patient has a severe type of pancreatitis and dysfunction of the pancreatic gland;
- A patient has organic disorders in the nervous system caused by the action of diabetes mellitus;
- The affection of the liver and kidneys is observed during diabetes mellitus;
- The glucose level is more than 8 mmol/L in the blood.
If a patient does not have an opportunity to take the glucose test after the alcohol consumption, do not take a lot of alcohol. You will not be able to detect the changes in time.